Drought in Thailand

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Drought in Thailand:

Low dam levels, El Nino phenomenon indicate water shortages: scientist.

Thailand might deal with a severe dry spell next year due to the El Nino weather condition phenomenon, a leading meteorologist has actually alerted.

In another stressing indicator, experts have actually cautioned that the present volume of water reserves in the significant dams is insufficient to satisfy need this year.

Maytee Mahayosananta, director of the Meteorological Department’s Central Weather Forecast Division, stated after he studied a number of weather report models, he found that the El Nino phenomenon would start in Thailand this year.

As an outcome, Maytee stated Thailand would not have sufficient water this year and next year as the sensation decreased rainfall.

“The volume of water this year will be less than that in 2013,” he stated.

According to the Royal Irrigation Department, the volume of water reserves in two major dams, Bhumibol and Sirikit, was only 21 per cent or about 3,893 million cubic metres.

This quantity of water will be used in the Chao Phraya river basin.

The department found that the quantity of water reserves in the two dams has actually drastically decreased and will not suffice for human use and to preserve ecosystems.

Thongplew Kongjun, director of the Department’s Office of Water Management and Hydrology, has urged members of the general public and farmers to be conservative in using water.

He said that the department this year anticipated to make use of 5.3 billion cubic metres of water from 3 major dams during the dry season however the water reserves it had actually used surpassed the plan by 600 million cubic metres.

Rains to arrive late

In addition, the department expects the rainy season to begin later on this year than typical in mid-May, which implies Thailand will not have water reserves this year and next year.

“Hopefully, farmers will not start growing their rice farms during this season. If they do not, then we will have sufficient water,” Thongplew added.

Suwattana Jitraladakorn, chairman of the Engineering Institute of Thailand’s water resources engineering sub-panel, said the quantity of water in the Chao Phraya River this year was lower than regular.

Because the authorities had released a big volume of water in 2012, he stated that water reserves in significant dams were low.

He found that the overall number of rice farms this year had grown over 200 per cent.

Hydro and Agro Informatics Institute director Royol Chitradon said there was some rainfall in the upper locations of the Bhumibol and Sirikit dams, and that was why there were small quantities of water reserves in the dams.

“We discovered that the level of water reserves in these 2 dams was the least expensive in 10 years,” he said.

According to the Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation, about 38 provinces across the country have actually been proclaimed dry spell zones.

In a proposal to fix drought in Thailand troubles in the long term, National Water and Flood Management secretary basic Suphot Tovichakchaikul stated all abandoned water resources must be recuperated and have their capacity improved.

The use of water must be matched by demand and supply in cities, he stated. He said he was preparing a Bt2-trillion mega job to connect all water resources and disperse water straight to farmers.

Under this job, the water from the Mekong River will be diverted to the Kingdom during the rain period.

“This project will be suggested to the new government,” he stated.

Reference: http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/expert-warns-severe-drought-thailand-next-year

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